Planning General tips for planning a residential house

The main objective of planning of buildings is to arrange the required units of a building at various floor levels according to their fundamental requirements, making best possible use of the space available.One should always bear in mind that a house once built, is caculated to last for several decades.Hence one should not practice false economy and errect a week structure which fast depreciates in value requiring continual repairs.Below general princples are the guiding factors to be considered in planning.
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  • Aspect means the peculiarity of the arrangement of the doors and windows in the outside wall of a building, which allows it to enjoy to theutmost of the gifts of nature such as sunshine, breeze, views of the landscape, etc.
  • A room which receives light and air from a particular side is said to have aspect of that direction.
  • All rooms making a dwelling need particular aspect
  • For Bedrooms South-WestorWest aspect is preferred
  • For Kitchen East aspect is preferred
  • For Dining room South aspect is preferred
  • For Drawing or Living rooms south or South-East aspect is preferred
  • For Verandahs South-West or West aspect is preferred
  • For Reading rooms,stores, class-rooms,studios,stairs etc., North aspect is preferred
  • Prospect is the impression that the building is likely to make on a person who looks at it from the outside.
  • It includes the attainment of pleasing appearance by the useof natural beauties; disposition of doors & windows; and concealment ofsome undesirable views in a given outlook.
  • If a residential building lacks in the respect of privacy, it is a deplorable fault which cannot be compensated for by a host of other merits.
  • Privacy is of two kinds.The one is in respect of sceening the interior of any one room from the other rooms and also from the main entrance.
  • The other kind of privacy is the privacy of the building as whole from the neighbouring buildings,streets and lanes.
  • The dining room must be close to the kitchen.
  • The kitchen sould be away from the drawing or the main living room, otherwise kitchen smells and smoke would detract from their usefulness.
  • Services must be nearer to and independently accessible from every bedroom.
External Appearance of the Building
  • It is the effect produced by the elevation(front view) and general layout of the plan.
  • The Elevation should speak out the internal facts and be indicatve of the charecter.
  • The Elevation should be impressive and should be developed together with plan simultaneously.
  • Withe economic limitations,elevation should be aesthetically good and attractive.
  • It is the accomplishment of economy of space at the same time avoiding cramping of the plan.
  • A great skill should be exercisedin making suitable arrangements of the rooms, doors and passages for accommodation in such a way that the maximum utility is acheived without adversely affecting the other essential factory such as privacy, aspect etc..
  • This aspect should get considerable attentionin advance.
  • Bedrooms must be designed with due thought and attension to the prospective position of the beds
  • Similarly other places should also be examined from utility and furnishing point of view.
  • Health and happiness of dwellers depend upon the sanitation.
  • It embodies provisions of ample light,ventilation and du attention to general cleanliness and sanitary conveniences.
  • Light has two fold ignificance.One it illuminates and second it is essential from hygenic point of view.
  • A room should get sunlight as long as and as much as possible.
  • Vertical windows are better than horizontal ones.
  • Generally,the minimum window area for proper lighting should not be less than 1/10th of floor area.For example if room size is 10'x10' then aea is 100sft,window size should be minimum 3'x3.5' which is 10.5sft.
  • It is the supply of outside air either by direct ventilation or by infiltration into the building.
  • God ventilation is an iportant factor conducive to comfort in buildings.
  • Ventilation may be natural or mechanical
Cleanliness and sanitary conveniences
  • Though the general cleaning is the responsibility of the occupants but some provisions to fecilitate cleaning and prvention of dust are necessary in planning.
  • The floors should be non-absorbant,smooth and have proper slope to fecilitate washiing with suitable outlets in the walls.
  • Sanitary convenience include the provisions of bathrooms, water closets,urinals etc in the building.
  • Provision of such conveniences is not an optional matter but is a statutory requirement.
  • Flexibility means making a room, originally designed for one specific purpose, to serve other overlapping purposes also.
  • A building is constructed to last many years.During this period the use of a space may be required to change.
  • This element of flexibility is incorporated at the planning stage itself.
  • To preserve the privacy or every roomand also not to disturb any member of the household doing his or her work.
  • A straight, short and separate passage is required.This passage which is the means of circulation should be direct and well lighted.
General These tips give you basic idea while planning the rooms,doors,windows and their positions in the plan of your house.We will cover the basic guidelines for planning different rooms of your house, positions and minimum sizes for different rooms of the house.
  • Having windows on South wall give more light throughout the day
  • Minimum window area should be 15-20% of floor area for better light & air
  • Windows with verticle length greater than horizontal length give more light
  • Windows should be placed opposite to the doors for fresh air circulation
  • All the rooms in house should have sufficient light and should have good ventilation
Living Room
  • Living room should be away from kitchen to avoid the cooking smell
  • The size of Living room should be at least 12'x 15' in size for better usage and look
  • The size of Master Bedroom should be at least 12'x 14' excluding the attached bathroom
  • The size of other Bedroom or study room should be at least 10'x 12'
Dining Room
  • The dining room should be adjecent to Kitchen and can be positioned to watch the TV in Living from dining area
  • The size of dining room should be at least 10'x 8' for dining table with 6 chairs
  • The size of dining room should be at least 8'x 8' for dining table with 4 chairs
  • The position of Kitchen should be such that the person in Kitchen should have the view of Main entrance
  • Kitchen with 'L' shaped platform are better than one sided platform in usage
  • The size of Kitchen should be at least 10'x 8'
Bathroom & W.C.
  • Bathroom and W.C should be separate blocks while planning for common usage so that two persons can use at same time
  • The doors of the Bathroom & W.C. should not be visible from living & dining area
  • Common wash basin should be outside the bathroom for better usage and should be placed in such a way that it is not visible from living area
  • The size of bathroom should be at least 5'x 7'
  • The size of W.C. should be at least 3'x 4'
  • The size of Bathroom with W.C combined in single block should be at least 4'x 8'